Federal Assistance to Electric UtilitiesAll electric utilities receive federal subsidies in one form or another.
- Some 750 rural electric cooperatives borrow at reduced rates from the Rural Utilities Service.
- This federal assistance amounts to approximately $1 per customer.
- The investor-owned utilities (IOUs) have retained taxes equivalent to an interest-free loan from the federal government equal to $35 per customer.
- Municipal utilities receive tax-exempt financing through tax-exempt bonds representing federal assistance of $55 per customer.